The modern peace symbol was created by Gerald Holtom who was a British designer. This symbol was adopted by the British Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in 1958. The sign was not copyrighted, and quickly became one of the most widely known symbols for peace and anti-war movements in the world. It was especially adopted by the hippie movement and used in the demonstrations of opposition to the Vietnam War during the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s. The design represents the flag semaphore signals for the letters N and D, standing for nuclear disarmament (ND). Flag semaphore is a method to convey information from a distance with flags, and it was mostly used by sailors in the 19th century.
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Peace Symbol History
The peace sign was used to spread the anti-war message by many people during the Woodstock Festival in 1969 as well as by opponents of the South African apartheid regime. The symbol was also employed by Greenpeace in 1971 to stop a nuclear weapon test in Amchitka. Anti-war protesters formed the peace symbol with torches on Heroes’ Square in central Budapest in 2006.
A modified version of the peace symbol was created by French artist Jean Jullien after the 2015 Paris terror attacks. He posted the image of "Peace for Paris" on Instagram and Twitter, then the symbol has quickly become popular. The artist created this image to convey a message of peace and solidarity.
The Peace Symbol was added to Unicode 1.1 in 1993.